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江苏省成人学士学位英语考试题库

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发表时间:2019-03-26 20:32来源:江苏成人高考网

江苏省成人学士学位英语考试题库

Part II Reading Comprehension (30 minutes, 30%)
Directions: In this part there are four readingpassages. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are requiredto choose the best answer from the four choices. Then mark the correspondingletter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
Questions 16-20 are based on the followingpassage.
I heard many parents complaining that theirteen-age children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to begrowing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own twofeet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teen-agersare taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. (86)Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching at oneanother’s hands for reassurance.
They claim they want to dress as they please.But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music.But somehow they all end up huddled round listening to the same record. Theirreason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doingit. They have come out of their cocoons () andentered a larger one.
(87) It has become harder and harder for ateen-ager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way.Industry has firmly carved out a teen-age market. These days every teen-agercan learn from the advertisements what a teen-ager should have and be. And manyof today’s parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of theirchildren. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teen-ager who wants tofind his or her own path.
But the barrier is worth climbing over. The pathis worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of goingto a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collectingrecords. You may have some thoughts that you don’t care to share at once withyour classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity willcome with the only kind of popularity that really counts.
16. In the passage, the author wants to tell________
A. readers how to be popular with people around
B. people how to understand and respect eachother
C. parents how to control and guide theirchildren
D. teen-agers how to learn to decide things forthemselves
17. According to the author, many teen-agersthink they are brave enough to act on their own, but, in
fact, most of them ______.
A. are too young to do so
B. are much afraid of getting lost
C. dare not cope with problems single-handed
D. have much difficulty understanding each other
18. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. There is no popularity that really counts.
B. It is not necessarily bad for a teen-ager todisagree with his or her classmates.
C. What many parents are doing is in facthindering their children from finding their own paths.
D. Most teen-agers claim that they want to dowhat they like to, but they are actually doing the
same.
19. What does the author think of advertisement?
A. Convincing. B. Influential. C. Instructive.D. Authoritative.
20. During the teen-age years, one should learnto ________
A. find one’s real self
B. get into the right reason and become popular
C. differ from others in as many ways aspossible
D. rebel against parents and the popularity wave

Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage.
In order to learn a foreign language well, it isnecessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal oflanguage use is communication, the mistakes are secondary consideration thatmay be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases. On theother hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. (88) The languagelearner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how nativeexpressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, aSpanish speaker who has been saying “1 do it” to express willingness to dosomething in the immediate future, could, by interacting with native speakersof English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ ll do it”. Theresulting discrepancy can serve as a basis for the student to modify his way ofusing the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to interactin the first place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial and error.
21. According to the passage, foreign languagestudents should not worry too much
about making mistakes because ________
A. native speakers will ignore their mistakes
B. communication is the primary goal of languagelearning
C. native speakers like foreign students who tryto learn their language
D. everyone makes mistakes when trying tocommunicate in a strange language
22. The passage indicates that the present tensein English is _________
A. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish
B. not the most difficult problem for foreignstudents
C. not used to express a desire to do somethingin the immediate future
D. used with some verbs but not with others toexpress future intention
23. The author thinks that language learners canreduce the number of their mistakes by _____
A. asking native speakers for explanations
B. reading good books in the foreign language
C. speaking without regard to native speakers
D. comparing their speech with that of nativespeakers
24. The passage implies that foreign studentswho do not interact with native speakers will not _ __.
A. have to worry about making mistakes
B. learn very much about the foreign culture
C. learn about the history of the foreignlanguage
D. take advantage of available language models
25. The author's major conclusion about thefunction of mistakes in foreign language learning is that .
A. mistakes do not interfere with communication
B. learners are often very afraid of makingmistakes
C. mistakes are not important in the process oflearning a language
D. making mistakes can help the learner discoverthe rules of the language
Questions 26-30 are based on the followingpassage
During a state of deep relaxation, severalphysiological changes take place in the body: the body’s oxygen consumption isreduced; the heart beat decreases; muscle tension and sweating ease, and thereis decreased sympathetic (交感的) nervoussystem activity. This restful state not only allows the body to repair andrestore itself, but it has a calming effect on the consciousness.
How to achieve this state of relaxation,however, is a matter of opinion, and in some medical circles, a matter ofcontroversy. A recent report by Dr. David Holmes of the University of Kansas inthe journal “American psychologist” said that simple sitting in an armchair hasjust as many beneficial characteristics for the body as meditation () does.Researchers of other relaxation techniques disagree. These experts believe thatmore structured techniques, such as meditation, lead to a condition of deeprelaxation.
(89) The debate goes on. but one thins appearsto be clear: the relaxation response can be reached by a number of methods, andthe methods themselves are not as important as getting there. One day, onemethod may work best; on another day, an alternative method may be moreappropriate. Once you are aware of all the methods, you can find the one thatworks best for you.
Some of the relaxation techniques aremeditation, autoanalysis (自我心理分析) andprogressive muscle relaxation response than just sitting quietly in a chair,they have the added benefit of structure and discipline, and for these reasonsappear to be more effective for most individuals.
26. The passage indicates that a state of deeprelaxation is not only good for one’s body, but also
beneficial to ________
A. heart beat
B. consciousness
C. muscle tension
D. sympathetic nervous system
27. People seem to agree that ________
A. sitting in an armchair benefits a person asmeditation does
B. what people are struggling for is a state ofdeep relaxation
C. to achieve a state of deep relaxation ispossible through various means
D. structured consciousness relaxationtechniques are more beneficial for a person

28. In the third paragraph, the phrase ?°gettingthere?± most probably means
A. arriving at one’s destination
B. getting what one wants most
C. reaching a state of deep relaxation
D. finding out a suitable relaxation technique
29. As far as relaxation is concerned, theauthor indicates that ?a_____
A. aims are more important than means
B. means are more important than aims
C. some relaxation techniques are better thanothers
D. more and more people are interested inrelaxation techniques
30. The author’s attitude toward relaxation isbest described as
A. critical B. objective C. optimistic D.subjective
Questions 31-35 are based on the followingpassage.
I am not a computer expert. 1 never learned muchin the way of math. And I am quite puzzled by things like engineering orelectronics.
Then why am I able to write about computers? Ican write on this subject because of these shortcomings. The last two years oflearning has been a severe test for me. By hard work I have managed to learnenough to use computers fairly well, and to work with people who know a greatdeal more than I. Since I have learned all this at such personal cost, I wouldlike to share my knowledge with others.
The best way to learn is to take a course.However, many people do not have the time for this. They will have to find someother way to get basic information. I hope to be able to help them by writingabout some of the things I have learned myself.
I have a home computer on which I have learnedin my own time. I have used it like a home study course. I have sat down withit day after day, night after night, I have forced it to give up some of itssecrets. Now I can use it to do some of the work that I get paid for. And I cando this work in my own home, instead of in an office. Many people may soon beworking on a computer at home, just as many now take in other people’s typing.
Some things about computers are easier than youmay fear. First, computers are logical. Things that at first seem difficultwill make sense to you after you learn the rules. Second, it is really not hardto learn enough to use today’s machines. You do not need to be a great brain.But you do have to learn to think in new ways. And you do have to keep a goodbit of information in your head. (90) Finally, there are many people around whoare really enthusiastic about computers. These people are always happy to be ofhelp.
31. According to the passage, computers can bestbe described as ________
A. difficult B. puzzling C. logical D. secret
32. It can be inferred that the author had to_______ in order to write about computers.
A. Learn electronics
B. study very hard
C. learn from other people
D. take a home study course
33. The phrase ?°a great brain?± in the lastparagraph most probably means
A. a great man
B. a person with a big head
C. a remarkable success
D. an intelligent person
34. It is implied that the author ________
A. has got a great deal of help from others
B. has known a lot of things about computers
C. has got enough knowledge about science andmath
D. has known more about computers than hercolleagues
35. The main idea of the last paragraph is thatto learn to use a computer
A. must take enough course
B. should be with a clever brain
C. is not so difficult as one thinks
D. is hard to think in new ways

Part Ill Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes 15%)
Directions: In this part there are 30 incompletesentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Youare required to choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
36. Marry ________ be in Beijing because I sawher in town just a few minutes ago.
A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. may not
37. I haven’t got much money on me, but I gavethem ________ I had.
A. what B. that C. which D. those
38. It seldom rains heavily in our regionnowadays, ________ ?
A. does it B. isn’t C. doesn’t it D. will it
39. _________ or not, you are going to face himone day.
A. If you like it B. Whether you like it C.However you like it. D. Whether do you like it
40. Even Charles, _____couldn’t move the piano a bit.
A. as he is strong B. strong as is he C. asstrong he is D. strong as he is
41. Shanghai has a larger population than________ in China.
A. any other city B. all the cities C. everycity D. any cities
42. _________ that the early men feared it andworshipped it.
A. So great the power of fire was B. So greatwas the power of fire
C. So great the power was of fire D. So was thepower of fire great
43. The way she talks is simply intolerable. Heobjects _________ like a child.
A. to be treated B. to treat C. to being treatedD. to treating
44. The hopes, goals, fears and desires ________widely between men and women, between the rich
and the poor.
A. alter B. shift C. transfer D. vary
45. Some diseases are _________ by certain wateranimals.
A. transplanted B. transformed C. transported D.transmitted
46. It is our _________ policy that we willachieve unity through peaceful means.
A. consistent B. continuous C. considerate D.continual
47. In Britain people ________ four million tonsof potatoes every year.
A. swallow B. dispose C. consume D. exhaust
48. The manager lost his _________ just becausehis secretary was ten minutes late.
A. mood B. temper C. mind D. passion
49. Please be careful when you are drinkingcoffee in case you ________ the new carpet.
A. crash B. pollute C. spot D. stain
50. Although they plant trees in this area everyyear, the tops of some hills are still
A. blank B. hollow C. vacant D. bare
51. They are twins and look very ________ . Itis not easy to tell one from the other.
A. same B; alike C. like D. likely
52. People living in that busy street complainof the traffic noises which ________ them at night.
A. disturb B. prevent C. annoy D. interfere
53. I warned him time and again not to loungeabout () all day long, but he took no _______ of it.
A. concern B. notice C. attention D. regard
54. Without my glasses, I can’t hardly ________what has been written in the letter.
A. make for B. make out C. make up D. make over
55. He was born in Japan but was ________ inChina by an old couple.
A. brought out B. brought up C. brought in D.brought through
56. He had deceived a great many people but theyoung woman ________ him at first sight.
A. saw into B. looked into C. saw through D.looked through
57. Hospital doctors don’t go out very often astheir work ________ all their time.
A. takes away B. takes over C. takes in D. takesup
58. Can you give me a light for my cigarette? Ihave ________ my matches.
A. got out of B. got rid of C. got away with D.run out of
59. His lectures _________ a fairly wide scopeand I can’t sum up what he says in a few sentences.
A. cover B. convey C. consider D. specify
60. The novel ended happily, and the youngcouple were married in the ________
A. final B. closing C. end D. conclusion
61. There was a heavy fog, and the two ships onthe horizon were barely ________-.
A. sensible B. passable C. visible D. variable
62. 1 was almost totally at a loss, but then anidea suddenly ________ to me.
A. occurred B. happened C. appeared D. started
\63. There is no ________ in going to the cinemanow as the film has already started.
A. reason B. cause C. motive D. point
64. The landlady told him to leave because hehadn’t paid his _________
A. bill B. fee C. fare D. rent
65. It is difficult to express it in ________ofscience.
A. words B. terms C. expressions D. vocabulary

Part IV Cloze (15 minutes 10%)
Directions: In this part there is a passage with20 blanks in ii. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You are required to choose the best answer from the four choices. Then mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
The amount of usable water has always been ofgreat interest in the world. 66 springs and streams sometimes means control,particularly in the 67 areas like the desert. The control is possible evenwithout possession of large areas of 68 land. In the early days of the AmericanWest, gun fights were not 69 for the water resources, and laws had to be 70 toprotect the water rights of the 71 and the use of the water resourcesaccordingly.
72 is known to us all, there is not 73 water inall places for everyone to use as much as he likes. Deciding on the 74 of waterthat will be used in any particular period 75 careful planning, so that peoplecan manage and use water more 76 . Farmers have to change their use of ordemand for water 77 the water supply forecast.
The 78 water supply forecast is based on thewater from the 79 than from the below. Interest is 80 in the ways to increaserainfall by man-made methods, and to get water from the winter snow on mountain81
With special equipment, some scientists arestudying the ways in which the mountain snow can be 82 , and with the help of arepeater station, they send the 83_. data to the base station. The operator atthe base station can get the data at any time by 84 a button. In the nearfuture, the forecast and use of water probably depend on the advance knowledgeof snow on mountains, not of water
underground.
66. A. Using B. Occupying C. Owing D. Finding
67. A. dry B. distant C. deserted D. wild
68. A. fine B. beautiful C. rich D. farming
69. A. unlawful B. unacceptable C. unpopular D.uncommon
70. A. made B. designed C. signed D. written
71. A. winners B. settlers C. fighters D.supporters
72.A.That B. It C. What D. As
73. A. plentiful B. enough C. any D. much
74. A. type B. quality C. amount D. level
75. A. requests B. requires C. means D. suggests
76. A. effectively B. easily C. conveniently D.actively
77. A. leading to B. due to C. owing to D.according to
78. A. correct B. further C. average D. early
79. A. clouds B. sky C. air D. above
80. A. raising B. rising C. building D. lasting
81. A. rocks B. tips C. tops D. trees
82. A. taken care of B. made use of C. piled upD. saved up
&,amp;,nbsp; 83. A. picked B. produced C.used D. gathered
84. A. touching B. knocking C. pressing D.turning
85. A. might B. can C. will D. should

Paper Two
  Part V Translation (5minutes 15%)
Directions: In this part there are five itemswhich you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from thereading passages you have just read in Part II. You'd better refer back to thepassages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
The Chinese translation must be written on theAnswer Sheet.
86. Instead of striking out boldly on their own,most of them are clutching at one another’s hands for
reassurance.
87. It has become harder and harder for ateen-ager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go
his or her own way.
88. The language learner may observe how nativespeakers express themselves, and how native
expressions differ from the way the learnermight say them.
89. The debate goes on, but one thing appears tobe clear: the relaxation response can be reached by
a number of methods,
90. Finally, there are many people around who arereally enthusiastic about computers These people
are always happy to be or help.
Part VI writing (25 minutes 15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25minutes to write a composition on the topic “Competition and Co-operation”..You are given the firs: sentence of each paragraph. And you are required towrite a composition of no less than 100 words on the Answer Sheet.
Competition is a common phenomenon in our sociallife today.
.
We often find competition and co-operationoccurring at the same time. .
.
While advocating competition, we can’t forgetco-operation. .

. The keys
Part I Listening Comprehension (15%)
1-5 BBBCA 6-10 DDDCA 11-15 BCCBA
Part II Reading Comprehension (30%)
16-20 DCABA 21-25 BADDD 26-30 BCCAB 31-35 CBDBC
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (15%)
36-40 AAABD 41-45 ABCDD 46-50 ACBDD
51-55 BABBB 56-60 CDDAC 61-65 CADDB
Part IV Cloze10%)
66-70 CACDA 71-75 BDBCB 76-80 ADADB 81-85 CBDCC
Part V Translation15 minutes15%)
86、他们当中大多数人不是勇敢地闯自己的路,而是为了放心而互相紧牵着手。
87、十几岁的孩子要抵挡住大众文化浪潮而走自己的路越来越难了。
88、语言学习者可以观察说本族语的人如何表达自己,这些本族表达法和学习者可能说出来的表达有何不同之处。
89、争论还在继续,但有一点看起来(似乎)是明显(显而易见)的:放松效应可以通过许多方式得到(达到)。
90、最后,周围有许多非常喜欢电脑的人,这些人总是乐于提供帮助的。
Part VI writing (15%)
Competition and Cooperation
Competition is a common phenomenon in our sociallife today. We compete when we play games, we try to do better than others inour study, and we often compete for jobs, customers, money, and so on. To someextent, we can say, competition is an important motive force of the developmentof society.
We often find competition and cooperationoccurring at the same time. For example, during a football game, one team iscompeting with the other, but each member of the team must cooperate with histeammates. In most cases, we can’t compete without cooperation. Thus they areequally important.
While we are advocating competition, we can’ tforget cooperation. In modern society, cooperation is especially important,because most work is finished with and through other people. So we must combinecompetition with cooperation to reach our goals


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